Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Total Area13,296 Sq Km
Location73.75 longitude 33.36 latitude. North-East of Pakistan.
Population 2.8m
Official LanguageUrdu
Local LanguagesKashmiri, Pahari, Gojri, Hindko, Kohastani
TopographyMuzaffarabad, Poonch, Bagh and Kotli districts lie in mountanous zones whilst Mirpur district lies generally in the foot-hills
ClimateSub-tropical highland type
Average Rainfall150cm
Elevation from sea-levelRange from South - 350m, range from North - 6325m
SnowlineIn winter - 1200m, in Summer - 3300m
Main riversNeelum, Jhelum, Poonch
HandicraftsCarpet, Namda Gubba, patto, Silk & Wollen clothes, Wollen shawls, Wood Carving, Papie Mashie
ProductsMushroom Honey, Walnut, Apple, Cherry, Medicinal Herbs & Plants, Resin, Deodar, Kail, Chir, Fir, Maple and Ash Timber.
WildlifeNeelum ValleySnow Leopard, Hunting Leopard, Brown Bear, Black Bear, Iblex, Grey Goral, Musk Deer, Kashmir Stag, Himalyan, Monal, Pheasant, Western Tragopan, Snow Pheasant, Partridge, Peacock, Eagle, Dusk Markhor
FishSnow Trout, Brown Trout, Rainbow Trout, Gulfam, Masheer and Rahou


  • Muzaffarabad
  • Mirpur




MuzaffarabadMuzaffarabad, Hattian, Athmuqam
BaghBagh, Dheerkot, Havaily
PoonchRawalakot, Trarkhal, Balouch
KotliKotli, Nakyyal, Sehnsa
MirpurMirpur, Dudial, Bhimber, Samahni



Area (Sq. Km)Pop. (million)
Poonch & Sudhnoti14240.575
Mirpur & Bhimber25260.606
Total Area132972.800

[Map of AJK]


When, in 1947 the British granted independence to India, the people had already revolted against their Dogra ruler of the state. He was defeated by the KashDamas town in the Chrohi Valleymir Liberation Army on 24th October 1947 and a provisional government of Azad Jammu & Kashmir (Free Kashmir) was established. Subsequently, the Indian army moved in to occupy 2/3 of the state which has been under Indian occupation since. The remainder of the state still exists as Azad Jammu & Kashmir.

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